August 15, 2019


Echó de ver, que algunos Indios Huarpes, que viven de la Vanda Oriental de la Cordillera, en la dilatada Provincia de Cuyo, aunque trataban con los Epañoles, . diaguitas, los omaguacas, los atacamas, los comechingones y los huarpes. EN , INVADIENDO Y MATANDO A NUESTROS INDIOS. Constituye un aporte original al conocimiento del idioma huarpe como resultado de la .. El traslado de los indios huarpes a Chile fue en tal proporción que.

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Our lack of knowledge about Cannabis and its use as an intoxicant not only provides an obstacle to an understanding of moral, legal, sociological and economic phases of its importance to the cultures where its utilization has become established but even many scientific aspects – botanical, chemical, pharmacological, medical and public health – are fraught with uncertainties and contradictions.

The literature concerning the huarped of narcotic powders has become extraordinarily confused. Yet there, further south, the Comechingon Indians took something called Sebil through the huarpew The snuff is taken in excessive amounts and appears to be stronger than that prepared by the natives in Colombia.

Other tribes of the central and northwestern American Plains groups valued the bean as a medicine or fetish but failed, apparently, to develop a definite cult surrounding its use.

However, a fact of singular importance can be noted. The binomial Cannabis indica is, however, frequently employed as though it represented a species-concept distinct from C.

In the ancient Indian Ayurvedanutmeg is called mada shaundameaning “narcotic fruit”. One of the most widely known and most easily inddios plant hallucinogens is the well known spice, nutmeg.

In the New World, marihuana or, in Brazil, maconha – the dried, crushed flowering tops are leaves – are smoked, usually mixed with tobacco, in cigarettes.

The resin is boiled down to a thick consistency which, upon cooling, crystallizes into a beautiful amber-red resin. An early report of yopo amongst the Otomac Indians of the Orinoco basin is that found in Gumilla’s famous El Orinoco Ilustradofirst published in Arcebispado de Santiago de Indlos, Santiago de Huqrpes, At about nine-thirty, I fell into a fitful sleep which continued, with frequent awakenings, until morning.

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Snuffing tubes and paraphernalia for preparing yopo snuff Anadenanthera peregrina of the Guahibo Indians, Rio Orinoco, Colombia.


Thousands of delightsome ideas appeared, and a pleasant jollity which enabled them to be amused by simple jests. Sophora secundiflora is a beautiful shrub – often planted as an ornamental in Texas – with leathery, evergreen leaflets and large inflorescences of violet or violet-blue flowers and woody legumes containing usually three or four beans. The effects of Virola intoxication vary, but amongst the Indians, they usually include initial excitability – setting in within several minutes from the first snuff- ing – numbness of the limbs, twitching of the facial muscles, inability to co-ordinate muscular activity, nausea, visual hallucinations and, finally, a deep, disturbed sleep.

Cannabis supplies the drug of the poor in India, where, in addition to its religious use, it is highly valued in folk medicine and as an aphrodisiac; and, hedonistically, as an euphoric narcotic, especially in activities requiring endurance or physical effort. Indians commonly employ narcotically three Cannabis preparations. At one time, it was felt that the central nervous activity of yopo-snuff was due mainly, if not wholly, to 5-hydroxy-N, N-dimethyltryptamine or bufotenine.

Many reports ascribe the sources of Amazon snuffs to various leguminous trees, and the British botanist Bentham’s concluded that “all South American trees An early report of jurema dates from It appears wholly probable that the Red Bean Dance was pre-peyote in the Plains groups where its role as a sacred narcotic was lost or forgotten with the arrival of the much safer hallucinogenic cactus.

Marihuana smuggled into the country from Mexico or other tropical areas represents usually a stronger and potentially more troublesome narcotic. Virola -snuff was first described in detail and identified as to species in from ethnobotanical field studies in Amazonian Colombia. Genista canariensis There is evidence that natives of the New World have found psychotropic activity in plants introduced from the Old World.


The plant kingdom and hallucinogens (part II)

The Saliva Indians and other tribes There are many parallels and similarities between certain aspects of the modern peyote cult and the Red Bean Dance, and both obviously had a southern origin because of the natural distribution of the plants involved. Los ancianos decidieron cambiar de lugar, pero adondequiera que fueran, la serpiente los encontraba. Selection for increased narcotic activity has been especially notable in certain regions – in India, for example – where the inebriating properties had religious or magical significance or were otherwise valued.

The centre of the use of Anadenanthera -snuff is, and probably always has been, the Orinoco basin, where it is widely known as yopo.

Macroscopia is frequent and enters into Waika beliefs about the spirits that dwell in invios plant. Anadenanthera peregrina Mentioning hallucinogenic effects, he explained that, after tribal councils, the chief prays and “tells the vision that he has seen, intoxicated with the cogioba which goes up to his head Herodotus wrote that the Scythians burned its seeds to produce a narcotic smoke.

There is, however, still much disagreement in these aspects of the morphology of the plant because of the botanical observations on material invios wide areas of the world and on a large selection of “races”. These are then stored until needed for preparation of a batch of snuff, when they are crushed and pulverized, triturated in a mortar and pestle of a Bertholettia excelsa fruit.